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Separator (oil Production) - Wikipedia

Separator (oil production) - Wikipedia

Separator (oil Production) - Wikipedia 1

The physical and chemical characteristics of the oil and its conditions of pressure and temperature determine the amount of gas it will contain in solution. The rate at which the gas is liberated from a given oil is a function of change in pressure and temperature. The volume of gas that an oil and gas separator will remove from crude oil is dependent on (1) physical and chemical characteristics of the crude, (2) operating pressure, (3) operating temperature, (4) rate of throughput, (5) size and configuration of the separator, and (6) other factors.

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Is this Krill oil product really good? And is 2 pills (the serving size) too much?

I take them everyday. They are far better than fish oil. Buy the ones you can afford and take them like it says on the bottle,, not how strangers on yahoo tell you

Separator (oil Production) - Wikipedia 2

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Why doesnu2019t Vietnam allow a military base for the USA in Cam Ranh? Isnu2019t it much easier for them to deter China agressiveness in SCS, protect its fishermen, and maybe have more successful oil production?

Because Vietnam deterence of China is only a part of a bigger whole: we dont want to pick side.Modern history had told that whenever Vietnam picked a side, we got into a mess. We picked the communist side in exchange for help to kick out the France, and the US ruin the countries with war. We picked the USSR during the Communist bloc schism, and we got into the Cambodian mess as well as tension with China for around 2 decades.So, Vietnam dont want to pick a side. And as far as near modern history go, and I would argue even as far as modern geopolitic go, giving a military base for any nation mean picking a side

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Who said, U.S. oil production grew more in 2012 than in any year in the history of the domestic industry?

The Contentious Otter

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People always say that I'm sweating or that I'm greasy looking. How can I cut down on the oil production?

Washing your hair too often can make it even more greasy, so only wash it every other day

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Liberals are saying that oil production is up do they know Liquefied natural gas is counted as oil?

can you actually source your source?

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Since dems seem to hate big oil, why would they want to hurt the small businesses in oil production?

They just do not understand the issue. Like the "big profits" that the "big oil" companies make - - they can not comprehend that drilling costs, which skyrocketed at an even faster rate than crude prices, are largely capitalized, meaning that for companies maintaining the same drilling levels, free cash flow is much lower than net income, and that if free cash flow is higher than net income it means that the company is reducing its drilling levels and thus its future earnings, which is why "big oil" companies trade at such low multiples. Seriously, you are expecting a Democrat to understand GAAP and basic investment theory - - if they understood finance, they would not be Democrats.

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pimples problem :how to get a clear skin ?

I would use Proactiv along with their Daily Oil Control-its a lotion that evens out oil production and it worked great for me. Also get a good lotion as Proactiv is very drying.

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Why does gasoline cost much less in the United States compared to what it costs in Germany?

The US is now self sufficient in oil production and have huge reserves that you do not find the same in Europe. I do not think I've ever seen an oil derrick pumping oil there. That makes oil and gas prices higher for Europe since they are living on imported oil and natural gas.

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As protest to the war lets all stop buying and using oil products. Any up for it?

Good idea That would free up the oil need for Bush to give to North Korea. Yesterday he promised Korea that he (America) would give North Korea all the oil they needed to make electricity. Go big Red Go

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Heavy oil production

Heavy oil production is a developing technology for extracting heavy oil in industrial quantities. Estimated reserves of heavy oil are over 6 trillion barrels, three times that of conventional oil and gas. Factors that affect the difficulty of putting reserves into production include permeability, porosity, depth and pressure. The density and viscosity of the oil is the determining factor. Density and viscosity determine the method of extraction. Oil viscosity varies with temperature and determines the ease of extraction; temperature can be controlled so that oil can be moved without employing additional techniques. Density is more important for refiners since it represents the yield after distillation. However, no relationship links the two. Oil reservoirs exist at varying depths and temperatures. Although viscosity varies significantly with temperature, density is the standard in oilfield classification. Crude oil density is commonly expressed in degrees of American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity which are associated with specific gravity. The lower the API gravity, the denser the oil. The API gravity of liquid crude oil ranges from 4º for tar rich in bitumen to condensates that have an API gravity of 70º. Heavy oils are classified between ultra-heavy oils and light oils. They have API gravities ranging between 10º and 20º. Crude oil generated by petroleum source rocks has an API gravity of between 30º and 40º. Crude oil becomes heavy after considerable degradation, after entrapment and during devolatilization. Degradation occurs through chemical and biological processes when oil reservoirs become contaminated by bacteria through subsurface water. The bacteria then break down some crude oil components into heavy components, making it more viscous. Water carries away low molecular weight hydrocarbons in solution form since they are more soluble. When crude oil is enclosed by a poor quality seal, lighter molecules separate and escape, leaving behind the heavier components through devolatilization. Heavy oils are commonly found in geologically young formations since they are shallow and have less efficient seals, providing the conditions for heavy oil formation.

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How Do You Reduce the Oil on Your Face?
How do you reduce the oil on your face?I think the best thing for this (I have oily skin too) is to have a good skincare regime, even if you are male (you do not have to tell anyone). Use a cleanser on your face to clean off dead skin, then toner to tighten pores and reduce oil secretion, and finally a light oil-free moisturizer. I started doing this twice a day and found it really helped. Other things that are good are facial saunas (just fill a saucepan with boiling water and a few drops of tea tree essential oil, put a tea towel over your head and let the steam open up your pores. Then wipe your face with a clean towel and apply a light moisturizer.) The key is not to over clean your face, as this will in turn stimulate oil production. It's a normal thing in teenage years and you will probably grow out of it. In the meantime if your skin is getting greasy in the day, lightly pat it with a tissue, or if you are a girl, apply a formulated foundation (Clinique's superbalanced range is great) and powder to help suppress greasy patches. Hope that helps!— — — — — —As protest to the war lets all stop buying and using oil products. Any up for it?Curtail your use of oil products for several reasons. The revenue from oil goes into the pockets of those that despise us and helps to fund jihad. Using oil fouls the environment. Conserving on oil puts money in your pocket and allows you to spend it on more important things. The point is, cut back on your use of oil!— — — — — —I’m getting confused over the different terminology used in extracting oil from old wells.?IOR means "Improved Oil Recovery" and EOR stands for "Enhanced Oil Recovery". One term deals with the measurement, or how great an increase of oil production there is from a well, in contrast to the output at a given point in time. EOR refers to advancements in technology and equipment that is separate from conventional extractions means. Let's use a real example. Team Resources has acquired leases on old oil fields in Kansas so that they can apply new techniques and equipment to increase the output of what were considered to be exhausted, mature wells. In their case, one of the technologies involves lateral drilling using Radial Jet Technology. Kevin Boyles, CEO of Team Resources LLC, has initiated a program of oil recovery that goes well beyond conventional systems previously in place. This is what would be referred to as EOR. When the system is in full operation, Team Resources will measure the output from the wells as compared to previous amounts. In this way they can evaluate the success of their efforts. In summary: EOR is how you do it, and IOR is how much you get for doing it.— — — — — —Oil ProductionCables revealed that the US was warned by Sadad al Husseini, a senior Saudi government oil executive, that the country's oil reserves are overstated by as much as 300 billion barrels (40% of the claimed reserve). It is therefore not possible for Saudi Arabia to prevent the oil price from rising.— — — — — —Oil production and smuggling in ISILOil production and smuggling was the largest source of revenue for the finances of ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) in Syria and Iraq until the complete loss of its territory in 2019. Most oil extracted was distributed for use within the Islamic State, but some was also smuggled to surrounding states at below market price. Oil products, e.g. petrol and mazout, were the backbone of the economy of ISIL-controlled areas, with mazout being the preferred power source for small-scale electricity generators. Not all energy production was provided by oil, and some electric power supply was continued to Syrian government-held areas. Oil production in the Islamic State developed over time, reaching its peak in 2014. Due to military interventions, ISIL subsequently lost all of its territory in Syria and Iraq.— — — — — —Separator (oil production)The term separator in oilfield terminology designates a pressure vessel used for separating well fluids produced from oil and gas wells into gaseous and liquid components. A separator for petroleum production is a large vessel designed to separate production fluids into their constituent components of oil, gas and water. A separating vessel may be referred to in the following ways: Oil and gas separator, Separator, Stage separator, Trap, Knockout vessel (Knockout drum, knockout trap, water knockout, or liquid knockout), Flash chamber (flash vessel or flash trap), Expansion separator or expansion vessel, Scrubber (gas scrubber), Filter (gas filter). These separating vessels are normally used on a producing lease or platform near the wellhead, manifold, or tank battery to separate fluids produced from oil and gas wells into oil and gas or liquid and gas. An oil and gas separator generally includes the following essential components and features: 1. A vessel that includes (a) primary separation device and/or section, (b) secondary "gravity" settling (separating) section, (c) mist extractor to remove small liquid particles from the gas, (d) gas outlet, (e) liquid settling (separating) section to remove gas or vapor from oil (on a three-phase unit, this section also separates water from oil), (f) oil outlet, and (g) water outlet (three-phase unit). 2. Adequate volumetric liquid capacity to handle liquid surges (slugs) from the wells and/or flowlines. 3. Adequate vessel diameter and height or length to allow most of the liquid to separate from the gas so that the mist extractor will not be flooded. 4. A means of controlling an oil level in the separator, which usually includes a liquid-level controller and a diaphragm motor valve on the oil outlet. 5. A back pressure valve on the gas outlet to maintain a steady pressure in the vessel. 6. Pressure relief devices. Separators work on the principle that the three components have different densities, which allows them to stratify when moving slowly with gas on top, water on the bottom and oil in the middle. Any solids such as sand will also settle in the bottom of the separator. The functions of oil and gas separators can be divided into the primary and secondary functions which will be discussed later on.
As Protest to the War Lets All Stop Buying and Using Oil Products. Any Up for It?
As protest to the war lets all stop buying and using oil products. Any up for it?Good idea That would free up the oil need for Bush to give to North Korea. Yesterday he promised Korea that he (America) would give North Korea all the oil they needed to make electricity. Go big Red Go— — — — — —Why doesnu2019t Vietnam allow a military base for the USA in Cam Ranh? Isnu2019t it much easier for them to deter China agressiveness in SCS, protect its fishermen, and maybe have more successful oil production?If you can explain why or reference a document that the US would act on Vietnam's national interests (deter China agressiveness in SCS, protect its fishermen, and maybe have more successful oil production…), I will certainly, be joining you in lobbying the Vietnamese government to change their foreign policy and security principle of 3 NO's: NO foreign troops on Vietnamese soil. No allying with one country to counter another. No military alliances with foreign powers. Bonus reference: the Philippines has a signed Mutual Defense Treaty with the US (1951)!— — — — — —Are cedar oil products safe to use on cats?Depends, actually. IF It is a modified cedar oil mixed with hydrated silica,then it is not harmful to cats or kittens. Some animal products containing cedar oil do modify the cedar so it can besafer. Call the company who manufactures the product to make sure if it is modified with silica. There are many types of cedar and several of them are not only harmful to animals, but humans as well.For example, western red cedar is toxic to animals and humans, yet play scapes are made from it because its known to repel insects and prevent decay. And..just because something is natural does not mean it's safer than synthetic treatments. In fact, cedar oil is toxic to many animals, including cats, when ingested. If inhaled, it's an irritant and can even be deadly. My assumption is that used in the dilution that Cedarcide uses, it's not dangerous. This is the same idea with many other non-natural EPA-approved pesticides. Toxicity is observed in lab animals who are exposed to the pesticides in exponentially larger amounts than our pets would be, even with frequent application. If pure cedar oil was applied to any pet in this way, they would suffer toxicity as well. Pyrethrin is another example. It's used in some older/cheaper flea and mite products. It's natural - it comes from mums. But it's toxic to cats when ingested. Garlic would be another. Garlic can rid cats of fleas, true. But enough garlic to get rid of fleas would be toxic to the cat's liver. If you ask my opinion about using Cedarcide as opposed to Advantage, I have to tell you I would choose Advantage, myself.— — — — — —Which investment would give me a better return on my money?.........................?There's no way to tell what the returns will be with either investments and in general I would say that there are better alternatives to both. With gold and silver, you would be betting on uncertainty. Aside from the industrial demand for gold and silver, the value is based upon wide acceptance by multiple countries and multiple economies, a currency is only as good as the government that backs it whereas the utility of gold and silver as a currency equivalent transcends political and economic borders. However it does not have an intrinsic model for increase in value as a business has so intrinsically it depreciates due to storage costs among other reasons and the increases we have seen are extrinsic due to speculation about various aspects of the economy and government policies. As with any speculation valuation, there is the potential for a correction and positive trends could merely be apparent, an artifact of herding. Natural gas is largely an unwanted byproduct of oil production and is for the most part simply flared at the well head due to the expense of a duplicate network of pipes, pumps, compressors, liquefaction plants and the associated cryogenics to bring it to market. This means two things, an increase in demand sufficient to warrant new infrastructure to bring more of the natural gas to market only results in a unit step increase in production that will dramatically increase the production available hence the price will collapse after a sufficiently large run up. The second is that it's an unwanted byproduct of oil, the cost of natural gas is essentially subsidized by that of oil, as demand and prices for oil goes up, that of natural gas is not necessarily proportional and in fact there's a component of the pricing that's inversely proportional to oil production. Yes energy demand is going up but if the proportion of use remains as they are then natural gas is not the easy win it appears to be. The introduction of the ultra low sulfur diesel has been a big boon to NG in that we meet the low sulfur requirements by diluting our high sulfur diesel with synthetic diesel from Fischer Tropsch synthesis of the syngas produced by gasification of natural gas. It's possible to gasify trash and dried sewage to make syngas and indeed that's what is done at plasma torch incinerator plants but it's cheaper to gasify NG. Investing in NG because you believe energy demand is going up is not sufficient reason to do so as the relationship is far more complicated than NG is energy. Both NG and metals are just investment options that have received a lot of uninformed discussion and speculation, this one included. I would stay away from both investment options. An investment in NG would be based upon naivety of how NG is brought to market and an investment in gold and silver would be based upon irrational fears of a low probability extreme for which the investment actually provides very little mitigation. Invest in a no load, low fee indexed mutual fund from a reputable firm like Vanguard or Fidelity and stop listening to the pundits on TV.
Separator (oil Production) - Wikipedia
Separator (oil production) - WikipediaAgitation, heat, special baffling, coalescing packs, and filtering materials can assist in the removal of nonsolution gas that otherwise may be retained in the oil because of the viscosity and surface tension of the oil. Gas can be removed from the top of the drum by virtue of being gas. Oil and water are separated by a baffle at the end of the separator, which is set at a height close to the oil-water contact, allowing oil to spill over onto the other side, while trapping water on the near side. The two fluids can then be piped out of the separator from their respective sides of the baffle. The produced water is then either injected back into the oil reservoir, disposed of, or treated. The bulk level (gas-liquid interface) and the oil water interface are determined using instrumentation fixed to the vessel. Valves on the oil and water outlets are controlled to ensure the interfaces are kept at their optimum levels for separation to occur. The separator will only achieve bulk separation. The smaller droplets of water will not settle by gravity and will remain in the oil stream. Normally the oil from the separator is routed to a coalescer to further reduce the water content.— — — — — —If we completely stop oil production today how will we make these products?No one with half a brain is saying we get rid of oil entirely. It still fuels 90% of our energy. But is it really to hard to ask that we slap some regulations on the oil industry? Its out of control. BP makes 30 billion dollars a year and yet it cant invest a few million in proper safety regulations and protocols and inspections? And most of those products are plastic products. Lots of plastic is made from petroleum. But there are hundreds, if not thousands of replacements to make plastic. You can make plastic from corn, chicken feathers, hemp, etc etc. Edit: Actually, that entire list is quite misleading. Aside from the chemical products (ex. dish-washing detergent) all of those products can be replaced with petroleum-free plastics.— — — — — —Has anyone heard of the abiotic theory of oil?There are two competing theories concerning the origins of petroleum. One theory, peak oil, claims that oil is an organic 'fossil fuel'—deposited in finite quantities near the planet's surface. The other theory, abiotic, claims that oil is continuously generated by natural processes in the Earth's magma. There is currently a debate amongst the peak oil theorists and the abiotic oil theorists. Much to my chagrin, I have not been able to ascertain the relative implications of their arguments—with substantial certainty. The primary considerations are: What are the relative percentages of peak v.s. abiotic oil? Is the supply of oil renewable? How does technology, politics, and economics play into the exploration and the supply of oil? -------- The peak oil theory says that oil production will reach a peak—or already has—and then, as production declines while demand increases, our oil-dependent global industrial system will break down The peak oil theory argues that the abiotic generation rates would have to be so small as to be politically insignificant. The consensus is that there might be abiotic oil, but that it's not going to delay the crash. Oil generation is, in part, a geological process. It proceeds at an extremely slow rate—from our human perspective. The oil we are currently using up will not be replaced within our lifetime—or within many lifetimes. That is why hydrocarbons are called non-renewable resources. -------- There is some speculation that oil is abiotic in origin—generally asserting that oil is formed from magma instead of an organic origin. The theory of abiogenic petroleum origin holds that natural petroleum was formed from deep carbon deposits, perhaps dating to the formation of the Earth. The ubiquity of hydrocarbons in the solar system is taken as evidence that there may be a great deal more petroleum on Earth than commonly thought, and that petroleum may originate from carbon-bearing fluids which migrate upward from the mantle. -------- This does not mean that all oil is abiotic. This does not mean current oil wells will start filling up again. There are vast stores of oil somewhere deep underground—perhaps remnants of our planet's alloted share of the solar system's methane. Nevertheless, oil deposits that are very deep under the ground are virtually useless. The technology to drill down to these wells—much less the technology to find them—is not available (or all that economically feasable).
Can You Describe How Prices of Gasoline &other Oil Products Like Diesel&heating Oil Are Set by *free
Can you describe how prices of gasoline &other oil products like diesel&heating oil are set by *free markets*?low supply, increasing demand --> high price but im not so sure that a cartel is a functioning "free market" since supply can be aritificially controled— — — — — —Does Omega 3 Fish Oil cause oily skin?I've been taking Omega 3 Fish Oil for a few months now (2 pills as well) and I have really oily skin too. I have not really noticed any reduction in oil production nor have I noticed an increase in oil production. However, that will vary considerably from person to person, due to body chemistry. So, just because it has not stopped or at least "improved" the amount of oil that my pores are producing, it may do wonders for you. It is something really good to take for ''overall'' skin health, but I am not sure it will do anything for acne. It might though.Hmmm, maybe? I was taking Zinc (50mg) once a day, everyday, a few months back and my skin was in really good condition. My skin is and has always been excessively oily (something I inherited from my father), but I have not always had acne like I have been experiencing these past few months. I recently figured out that it was because I stopped taking Zinc. I just ran out of Zinc one day and forgot to buy some again (a mistake that I will never make again). I started taking Zinc again two weeks ago and my face has cleared up quite a bit since then. Zinc may be worth a try. Also Green Tea might do wonders for your skin. Drinking it (does not taste that great, but worth it) and also applying the tea and tea bags to your face for 10 - 15 minutes helps reduce the inflammation and redness caused by acne. Just microwave or boil some water for tea, let 2 - 3 Green Tea bags steep for five minutes, then take the tea bags out (set them aside) and put ice in the tea. While you wait for the tea to chill on ice, put the tea bags on you face for a few minutes. Then pour the chilled green tea on your face. Watch out, it will be cold. It helps take down the redness and swelling of acne. Green Tea makes a great toner. Maybe try Calamine Lotion and/or Aloe Vera Gel. Might not work, but may be worth it just to try. Well, Hope this Helps. P.S. - I've also heard people talk about L-lysine working for acne. I have yet to try it, but I will soon. EDIT: I forgot to mention that it's best to buy "caffeine free" Green Tea because caffeine can trigger acne outbreaks and oiliness of the skin. It's fine to apply regular Green Tea with the caffeine to the face, but best not to drink it. A lot of people have better luck with Green Tea extract pills than with drinking it.So that may be a better choice since it's probably more convenient and you wo not have the "grassy" taste of drinking Green Tea, which is rather unappealing.— — — — — —The Biggest Oil Producers in the Middle EastThe Middle East includes five of the top ten oil-producing countries and is responsible for producing about 27% of world production. While state-owned enterprises produce much of the oil, many international oil companies engage in oil production and related activities in the Middle East through joint ventures, production-sharing agreements, and other business models. Saudi Arabia produces almost 12 million barrels of oil per day and nearly 12% of world output. The country ranked as the largest oil producer in the decade from 2003 to 2012, after which it fell to second place due to surging oil production in the United States. Saudi Arabia remains the world's largest petroleum exporter. With proven oil reserves of about 337 billion barrels and relatively low production costs, Saudi Arabia should maintain its position as a top-three oil producer for the foreseeable future. Saudi Arabia's oil and gas industry is controlled by Saudi Aramco, which is controlled by Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources and the Supreme Council for Petroleum and Minerals. Saudi Aramco is mostly state-owned, but had an initial public offering (IPO) of 1.5% of the company in Dec. 2019. Meanwhile, although international oil companies do not participate in oil production in Saudi Arabia, several partners with Saudi Aramco in joint-venture refineries and petrochemical plants in the country-partners include Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Sumitomo Chemical Co., and Total S.A. Iraq produces about 4.8 million barrels of oil per day and is the sixth-largest producer in the world. The country has achieved substantial production gains since 2005, two years after the start of the Iraq War. However, the country faces challenges that could limit production toward these goals, including political instability, continuing violence, and inadequate infrastructure. Oil production in most of Iraq falls under the control of the Ministry of Oil in Baghdad. The Ministry operates through several state-owned companies, including the North Oil Company, the Midland Oil Company, the South Oil Company, and the Missan Oil Company. In the autonomous Kurdistan region of Iraq, oil production is controlled by the local Ministry of Natural Resources. More than a dozen major international oil companies are involved in Iraqi oil production. U.S. and European oil majors include Exxon Mobil, Occidental Petroleum, BP, Royal Dutch Shell, and Total S.A. Other international oil giants in Iraq include China National Petroleum Corporation, known as CNPC; China National Offshore Oil Corporation, known as CNOOC; Malaysia's Petroliam Nasional Berhad, known as Petronas; and Gazprom Neft OAO. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates, including Dubai and the capital of the federation, Abu Dhabi. UAE produces just over 4 million barrels per day to rank as the world's seventh-biggest producer. Each of the seven emirates controls oil production within its borders. However, Abu Dhabi is home to most of the proven oil reserves in UAE territory and, thus, it has an outsized role in establishing the federation's oil policy. The state-owned Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) controls oil production operations in Abu Dhabi under the direction of the emirate's Supreme Petroleum Council. Most oil production in Abu Dhabi is organized under production-sharing agreements between ADNOC and international oil companies. Other emirates use similar production-sharing agreements and service contracts to organize oil production. Some of the biggest international companies involved in UAE oil production include BP, Royal Dutch Shell, Total S.A., and ExxonMobil. Iran is the ninth-largest oil-producing nation in the world, at nearly 3.2 million barrels per day, but the effects of economic sanctions placed on Iran have kept production levels below true potential. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), sanctions have had especially severe effects on upstream oil and gas investment, including numerous canceled investment projects. In July 2015, Iran came to an agreement with the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council and Germany on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), in which Iran agreed to strict limits on its nuclear program in exchange for the removal of international economic sanctions. However, the U.S. withdrew from the deal in 2018, as former President Donald Trump fulfilled a campaign promise to exit JCPOA, which he labeled a "disaster" and the "worst deal ever." Then, in 2019, the U.S. imposed additional economic sanctions in response to a drone attack on an oil facility in Saudi Arabia, which U.S. officials blamed on Iran. Oil and gas production in Iran is controlled by the state-owned National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) under the direction of the Supreme Energy Council. While the Iranian constitution bans private or foreign ownership of the country's natural resources, international companies have historically participated in oil exploration and development in the country through buyback contracts, a contract model that does not convey equity rights to the international company. Kuwait produces almost 3 million barrels of oil per day, placing it just inside the top 10 oil producers in the world. It has maintained consistent production of between about 2.5 million and 3 million barrels per day, but, according to the EIA, Kuwait has been struggling to raise production to 4 million barrels per day during this period, falling short due to inadequate foreign investment and related delays in new oil production projects. The Ministry of Oil carries out oil policy in Kuwait through the state-owned Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and its subsidiaries. International oil companies have long been denied access to Kuwait because the Kuwaiti constitution does not allow foreign companies ownership stakes in Kuwaiti natural resources or the revenues associated with those resources. This means standard joint ventures and production-sharing agreements used in other countries are outlawed in Kuwait.
Problems of Phased Array Ground Penetrating Radar Detection System
Although GPR has been widely used in hydrology, engineering, environment and other fields, many basic theoretical and technical problems have not been fundamentally solved, so the real advantages of GPR have not been brought into full play.The main problems existing in GPR technology include:1) The detection depth is shallow, and the contradiction between detection depth and resolution cannot be overcome. Increasing detection depth means sacrificing detection resolution;2) Multiple spread and other clutter jamming are serious, and there has been no good elimination method, which exists in radars at home and abroad;3) The influence of medium unevenness is great and can not be eliminated, resulting in difficulty in obtaining necessary velocity data;4) The data collection method of single sending and single receiving can provide limited information for post-processing and interpretation.The above problems are fatal defects for GPR. Although many geophysicists, electromagnetic experts and geophysical workers have done a lot of research and improvement on radar antenna design, signal processing and underground target imaging, these works are only partial modifications to the existing GPR system. In order to develop GPR technology, we must update our ideas and solve the problems from the fundamental principle.In view of this situation, experts proposed to develop a new GPR system - phased array GPR detection system in 1999.The basic research idea is to replace the current monopole radar antenna with the phased array radar antenna by using the relatively mature military phased array radar technology. Its purpose is to gather the electromagnetic wave into a narrow beam to transmit underground (or detection object) through the phased array technology, and receive the radar echo signal reflected by the target by using the multi-channel acquisition technology, The advanced data processing is carried out, and finally the three-dimensional image of the internal structure of the detection object is given.Development prospect of ground penetrating radar technologyIt is worth noting that at present, similar products have appeared in the market, such as RIS antenna array series of a company, but these products simply combine multiple monopole antennas into array antennas, which is essentially different from the idea of phased array ground penetrating radar.Because the phased array radar converges the electromagnetic wave into a narrow beam by controlling the phase delay of each channel, the energy is concentrated and the wave front diffusion is small. Therefore, the detection depth of the phased array radar is much larger under the condition of the same frequency and transmission power; On the contrary, under the same detection depth, phased array radar can improve the transmission power, so its resolution is much higher than the existing radar. In addition, since the spherical wave transmission is changed to beam transmission, the influence of medium heterogeneity is much smaller.Secondly, the phased array radar works in a continuous scanning mode and can scan in multiple directions. Therefore, the amount of information is much larger than that of the existing ground penetrating radar. For some special detection work, such as the quality detection of embankment cut-off wall, its role is unmatched by the existing ground penetrating radar (monopole antenna radar can not detect the joints, forks and other defects of embankment cut-off wall at all).Because phased array radar is a multi-channel received signal, multi-channel superposition can be carried out, just like the multiple coverage technology of reflection seismic exploration. Therefore, multiple interference can be greatly eliminated, which is difficult for existing radars. The antenna of high frequency (600mhz-1ghz) phased array ground penetrating radar can be made smaller, and its advantages are unmatched by the existing ground penetrating radar in shallow detection.At present, the system prototype has been completed. The carrier free pulse working system with center frequency of 900MHz is adopted, and the transmitting and receiving antennas are separated. 16 (4 × 4) Transmit channel forming, beam aggregation and scanning 16 (4) × 4) The channel receives the echo, and the optional scanning angles are - 36 °, - 24 °, - 12 °, 0 °, 12 °, 24 ° and 36 °.The software part of the system has rich data processing functions. The main conventional processing includes filtering, gain adjustment, static and dynamic correction, deconvolution, complex signal analysis, time-frequency analysis, etc., and multi-channel data processing, such as velocity analysis, superposition technology, coherence analysis technology, array signal processing, etc. And weak signal extraction, target automatic recognition and inversion interpretation under various clutter interference. A large number of field experiments on concrete detection in Yichang Three Gorges dam are carried out. The experimental results show that the spotlight scanning function of phased array radar has been realized, the penetration depth is greater than 1.5m and the resolution is higher than that of ordinary radar.Editing: hfy
Suggestions for Journaling, Bullet Notes, Activity, Wiki Like Application
So I am thinking of a possible answer to my own question:Build my own journal note entry app linked to a wiki.Zim Wiki uses a file based system for wiki. Maybe I could write app to export/sync entries in its files. Or WikkaWikki uses a MySQL (which is probably what I would use for journal entries anyway) so perhaps use same DB for Wiki and journal, with Journal app "doing right thing" to enter/sync Entries in wiki.Does this seem like a good approach?Or maybe I can customize a wiki with existing plugins - "All" I really need is good journaling / date feature, time tracking, checklist, and tags. Perhaps there already are plugins for this?Please comment if you have feedback on this idea.1. Circular tag wiki excerptsTag excerpts should at least try and give a concise definition as to the subject, and provided any usage guidance if necessary.Therefore, you need to make sure to address a set of key points:In general, excerpts should provide at least some guidance, even if it may appear to be ridiculously basic. Therefore, interpretation of the rejection reason is critical:That's like saying, [abs]: For questions about [abs] filaments. That should probably be rejected. This is better: [abs]: For questions about [abs] filaments - filaments that are used with blah blah printers, and are not toxic for use.Or even better: [abs]: For questions about [abs] filaments - filaments that are used with blah blah printers, and are not toxic for use. Not to be confused with [pla] filaments. Do not use this tag if your question does not concern this filament specifically. Obviously, I have no idea if abs is even a thing. Anyways, I hope this helps :)2. Why is this answer a community wiki?Apparently the answer under scrutiny was made CW because it drew on an answer from another Stack site, and the answerer wanted to share it without being associated with it for good or for ill.But community wiki is not a tool for reputation denial (or for dodging the repercussions of questionable-quality answers) and practically speaking I see no difference between quoting a different Stack and quoting a blog or a book. We would never expect someone to eschew rep for quoting a blog or a book. The answerer went to the trouble of tracking down the information and sharing it; why should not rep gains should reflect that?The moderation team is under no obligation to revert the CW in this case, nor are they obligated to leave it be, but I would lean toward reverting it myself, for reasons which follow.We've talked about posting answers from other sites, and it's pretty clear this is not cheese.Community wiki used to be massively overused. Changes to the editing system rendered its original purpose largely moot, and there's now a lot of confusion about CW's role in the Stack mechanics. These days there are three basic reasons to use CW:I do not see this particular answer needing CW to make it "easier to edit and maintain by a wider group of users," so I do not see any reason for it to be a community wiki. Community wiki is a tool with a specific set of uses, and CW rollbacks are left to mod discretion. One of the responsibilities of our moderators is to help the community use the right tools for the job at hand.As for the answer itself--it's not very good by lit.se standards, because it was written for a different site with different priorities. And the question itself is under a tag whose implementation is still being debated, so quality there is... in flux, I suppose we could say. We need to bring in our own expertise and tailor the answer to meet the expectations of our own Stack.3. Need to Change Edit Approval Limits for Tag Wiki EditorsI just upped it from 3 to 5. Hopefully this alleviates the issue a bit. If we still notice a pattern of users being blocked we can look at adjusting further4. Difference between Wiki Library and Document LibraryYes there is difference, Below might be helpful to understand.Document library can contains documents, it can be any document like office documetnts doc,xls,ppt, js, css, jpg, png etc...any file extension you can think of. Main purpose of document library is to store documents. wiki library is a kind of document library which contains wiki pages, Wiki pages are html pages with rich text editing capabilities so that users can create pages using Rich Text Editor without knowing html in detail. So when wiki library template is selected it comes with some default columns created based on content type, this columns are useful to create wiki page. Making changes and edits in a wiki page is incredibly easy. Just click on the edit button (at the top of the page) and immediately the page appears as an editor's version of the page. You can then make edits straight away and simply hit save. The page will instantly be up and running with your changes in place.
How Many NCAA Football Bowls Are There?
About 8 I think1. where can i get ncaa football 10 rosters with names?For the last two years I got mine from "Pastapadre". From what i can tell they are really pretty accurate. Give it a shot2. where can I watch NCAA football games for free?...?Try channelsurfing.net. They pick up a lot of justin.tv stuff, and they have loads of ncaa football games, free, no spam, etc. I watch all the time with no problems3. Can you download a team on NCAA Football 10's Team Builder using a flash drive?Why would you want to do that? Build your own team. Do not take the wussy way out.4. NCAA Football 13 Heisman Challenge 3 Player Pack?The exclusive Heisman Challenge 3-Player Pack including Mark Ingram, Tim Tebow and Matt Leinart. See if you can match the career accomplishments of these former Heisman trophy winners in the all new Heisman Challenge Mode. Its come with your ordered game copy5. What ncaa football team is your favorite one?Oklahoma SOONERS!6. I want to do a dynasty in NCAA Football 14 what team should I use (I want it to be a challenge like a weaker)?Vanderbilt, they are in a great conference and are already headed in the right direction as far as getting better and it will be a challenge because you will be in the SEC7. does ncaa football deserve a playoffs instead of bowl games being based off of BCS rankings?Whether or not the NCAA deserves a playoff does not matter. They do not want one so they do not have one. Frankly, the national championship playoff debate is a joke. This is something created by sportswriters and tolkshow hosts for the sole benefit of sportswriters and talkshow hosts. The NCAA does not recognize a national champion of the FBS so any discussion about who should or should not be the champion is pointless bloviating. Win your conference. Beat your rivals. Go to a bowl game. Those are the only things that matter in college football.8. What was determining the NCAA football title like in pre-BCS years?Hawaii, is not a very reliable team, yet might desire to win the Sugar Bowl in simple terms as surely as Georgia as a results of fact their offense constantly performs like its at the back of and it wears down the protection whilst they might desire to conceal the whole field. The unfold offense is the excellent offense in college soccer. It supplies much less gifted communities liek Hawaii and Illinois a gamble to beat far extra gifted communities. that's alsovery risky, that's why some exceptionally ranked communities dont run it. Hawaii surely did no longer deserve a identify shot in simple terms as a results of fact Boise State gained The Fiesta Bowl. Boise beat a BCS convention team who complete 10-4(Oregon State who beat USC and Hawaii in Hawaii) Hawaii has no high quality wins and does not deserve a NT shot. ending undefeated might desire to get you a BCS sport nevertheless9. NCAA Football 2009-What Defense to run online?Usually the defense package that comes with the team you are using as the best combo of players are on the field10. Which Championship/Playoff Picture needs more work....the NFL or NCAA Football?everybody keeps blaming the computers, but the computers are pretty much the only good part about the BCS, it only counts as 1/3 anyways. another 1/3 is coaches, former players, former athletic directors and people like that, the other third is the media. a lot of voters admitted to not even watching a utah game until they played alabama, how messed up is that. so lets put the blame where it really belongs, the stupid voters, who do not educate themselves about what or who they vote for11. could an NCAA football team beat a weak pro team?No-NCAA teams always have weak links and for the most part are BOYS.NFL teams have chosen the best of the best,and are MEN12. What teams rush the ball the most in ncaa football?its either navy or army one of them thats pretty much all they do13. What D1-AA teams are in NCAA Football 08?Usually they are. Just check out some of the SEC teams schedules. You find a lot of them there. Looks like the truth hurts down there!
What Is the Name of a Horror Movie with an Eye Falling in a Cocktail Glass?
The Haunting I vaguely remember some kind of eye injury in the movie.• Other Related Knowledge ofa cocktail glass— — — — — —POLL: Can you taste my NU5?you can sip mine from a straw ill get it into a cocktail glass for you.— — — — — —What food to serve in cocktail glasses?Take a tall shot glass and put a fresh/raw oyster in it along with a shot of ice cold Vodka (Absolut, Stoli) and add a dash of hot sauce, Worchesteshire and lemon wedge. Takes the slider to the next level.— — — — — —What are the best cocktail drinks to make and serve for the holidays?PEPPERMINT TWIST Peppermint Schnapps 1 oz. Kahlua 1 oz. Brown Crème de Cacao Directions: Fill a shaker half-full with ice cubes Pour all ingredients into shaker and shake well Strain drink into a cocktail glass and serve SCOTH HOLIDAY SOUR Ingredients: 1 ½ oz. Scotch 1 oz. cherry brandy ½ oz. sweet vermouth 1 oz. lemon juice 1 lemon slice Directions: In a shaker, shake all ingredients—except lemon slice—with ice Strain into an old-fashioned glass over ice cubes Add lemon slice HOLIDAY PUNCH Ingredients: 2-48 oz. cans pineapple juice 1-40 oz. bottle cranberry juice 2-750 milliliter bottles soda water 1 liter strawberry, raspberry or lime sherbet (Optional) 1 ½ oz. vodka Directions: Mix juices in a punch bowl Pour in soda water Top with scoops of sherbet If desired, add 1 ½ oz. vodka for an individual cocktail— — — — — —What are some good drink combinations?Tequilini (Original) Here is a good strong one that I like for starting the weekend, you should try it Ingredients: 2 1/2 oz Casa Noble Tequila Crystal Few Drops of Dry Vermouth Þ oz Fresh Lime Juice Mixing instructions: Shake ingredients in mixing glass with ice, then strain into a cocktail glass— — — — — —What's your favorite cocktail? How's it made?Try this, its great! Green Apple Tequini Ingredients: 2 oz. Casa Noble Crystal (Silver) 1 oz. Apple SchnappsSplash of Midori Squeeze of lime juice, fresh Mixing instructions: Shake ingredients in mixing glass with ice, then strain into a cocktail glass. Slice of Green Apple for garnish.— — — — — —If I only buy one style of cocktail glass for my new cocktail-making learning, which should it be? Which is the most versatile/useful?The most useful is a rocks or Old-Fashioned glass, for drinks with ice. However, if you also want drinks up with no ice, you may wish to also get coupes, which have replaced the traditional Martini glasses ud83cudf78— — — — — —info about bar and drinking please?In the UK i would say that you could get a pina colada in cocktail bars and some clubs, you would not get 1 in your local pub. I would imagine that someone who had never tried alcohol would get a warm fuzzy feeling from a pina colada but not be paraletic drunk. As for the glass id simply call it a cocktail glass.— — — — — —What would make the bottom of my cocktail glass develop a fractured pattern like this?Your instincts are right -- this is indeed crystallisation. Your original cocktail was a solution of lots of non-volatile components (sugar, Splenda, citric acid from the lemon juice, and many many other things...) in some rather more volatile solvents (ethanol and water). Only a limited amount of any of the non-volatile compounds can dissolve in a given volume of solution. So as the volatile compounds evaporated, your solution gradually became saturated, then a little super-saturated, and then finally the non-volatile components started to crystallise out in the patterns you show.In general slow evaporation of a solvent is quite a common method of crystal growth, e. g. , for X-ray diffraction studies.— — — — — —OK, its the last day of mankind, and you can have one mixed drink/cocktail, what would it be?Tequilini Ingredients: 2 1/2 oz Casa Noble Tequila Crystal Few Drops of Dry Vermouth 1/2 oz Fresh Lime Juice Mixing instructions: Shake ingredients in mixing glass with ice, then strain into a cocktail glass.— — — — — —how do you make a frozen bikini cocktail?well firstly buy a bikini freeze it and then add it to a cocktail glass and add required bverages which i dont know what they are— — — — — —Drink Recipe?'?????????There are a lot of them, any of these sound right? Ingredients: 1 1/4 oz Creme de Banane 1 1/4 oz Creme de Cacao Fill with Milk Mixing instructions: Fill Glass with ice. Add Creme de Banane to glass. Add Creme de Cacao to glass. Fill glass with milk. Ingredients: 1 oz Creme de Banane 1/2 oz Dark Creme de Cacao Fill with Cream Mixing instructions: Pour all ingredients over ice. Garnish with slice of banana. Ingredients: 1 oz Light rum 1 oz Creme de Banane 1 1/2 oz Cream 1 dash Grenadine 1 slice Banana Nutmeg Mixing instructions: Shake rum, creme de banana, cream, and grenadine with crushed ice and strain into a cocktail glass. Decorate with the banana slice, sprinkle nutmeg on top, and serve. Ingredients: 1 oz Malibu rum 1 oz Banana liqueur fill with Pineapple juice Mixing instructions: This drink can be mixed with ice added, or put into a blender with ice, to be crushed. Ingredients: 1 part Banana liqueur 1 part Creme de Cacao 1 part Vodka 1 part Half-and-half Mixing instructions: Mix in a shaker with ice then strain.
Automotive Backup Camera Systems, Backup Hub
rsync can be somewhat painful if you have a very large number of files - especially if your rsync version is lower than 3. On the other hand: if you use tar, you would generate a very big resulting tar-file (unless the data may be compressed a lot). Personally, I would look at rdiff-backup, but make sure that you test your restore situation: rdiff-backup can be very memory demanding when restoring.1. Backup files being created in KubuntuIt seems you forgot to ask the question :) I will assume the question is "how do I disable creation of backup files in Kate"The answer is: go to Settings - Configure Kate - Editor Component - Open/Save - Advanced and untick "Backup on Save" for Local Files and Remote Files. Then click OK2. Ubuntu 10.10 full backupThe problem is not just re-installing Ubuntu it is also all the peripheral programs that I have on my HD. Some take much effort and time to reinstall, setting up configuration files etc. WE really do need a one-button HD back up.. I would like to do this onto a USB HD ..can it be so hard, Apple have it!!..? ron..Themotorman3. GPO backup failsYou may have to troubleshoot a little further. Are you able to backup other GPOs? Did you try using an alternative admin account? Can you create a test one and back that up? If you can, then I would check permission on the previous GPO where you are receiving the error. There is a powershell command you can use:Backup-Gpo -Name MYGPO -Path C:GpoBackup -Comment "Backup-08-21-14".4. rsync --backup-dir not getting changed data - instead it is going to the original backup locationI suppose the options -b --backup-dir do not act as you hope. You can try to use a different option --link-dest instead. Your command line should be similar to the following What is the meaning? You are telling to rsync to compare the files in /scripts/source/ (the new ones) with the ones in /scripts/diff/ (that is empty) and in the additional directory /scripts/full/ (That is the one of your backup).Notes:5. Backup internals - What happens when a backup job is running - in terms of locking and performance overhead in SQL Server?Basically, SQL Server does a dirty copy of all pages on disk. Those pages are likely inconsistent if there is concurrent activity or if there previously way non-checkpointed activity.Then, SQL Server also copies the necessary part of the transaction log that is needed to bring the out of date pages to the latest version and make everything consistent on restore. I can not speak to the multi-threadedness of the backup operation. I expect it to be parallelized. How else could you back up a 10TB database on a 10GB/sec IO subsystem?6. amt .22 backup jam problem?Its the nature of the gun. Try this, and it will sound weird. Clean the gun, and then try to feel the feed ramp for burrs. If you can feel some, use a dremmel tool, and a mild abrasive for polishing metal, and a cloth wheel, to polish it smooth. To feel the burrs best, use your tongue. It is more sensitive than your fingers. This should resolve the problem, or at least be all that you can do. If it does not resolve the problem, you can put the gun on your desk as a real cool paper weight, as that it is truly only reliable for that. Bringing it to a gunsmith is an option, but they often will charge more to work the ramp, throat, and barrel than the gun is worth. Go buy a small Ruger SP101 in .357 if you want a back up. Good Luck.7. How to backup / partition before rooting?Those on Android 6 can try the instructions that I posted here, starting at step 5. I think this will work without root, but I have not tried. You will need 6 if you are running stock because some of these commands require tools only included in Toybox. See also Ryan Conrad's great answer, based on this xda-developers guide, also linked by Firelord above8. Ramifications of Deleting Transaction Log BackupSo order of operation:If this is correct then you will be fine. As long as the LSN or chain of (backup) events since the last full backup is not broken you should have no issues with recovery
Blockchain Technology Explained: Powering Bitcoin
Blockchain Technology Explained: Powering BitcoinMicrosoft recently became the latest big name to officially associate with Bitcoin, the decentralized virtual currency. However, the Redmond company did not go all out, and will only support bitcoin payments on certain content platforms, making up a tiny fraction of its business.What is The Big Deal With Bitcoin?Like most good stories, the bitcoin saga begins with a creation myth. The open-source cryptocurrency protocol was published in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, an anonymous developer (or group of bitcoin developers) hiding behind this alias. The true identity of Satoshi Nakamoto has not been revealed yet, although the concept traces its roots back to the cypher-punk movement; and there's no shortage of speculative theories across the web regarding Satoshi's identity.Bitcoin spent the next few years languishing, viewed as nothing more than another internet curiosity reserved for geeks and crypto-enthusiasts. Bitcoin eventually gained traction within several crowds. The different groups had little to nothing in common — ranging from the gathering fans, to black hat hackers, anarchists, libertarians, and darknet drug dealers; and eventually became accepted by legitimate entrepreneurs and major brands like Dell, Microsoft, and Newegg.While it is usually described as a "cryptocurrency," "digital currency," or "virtual currency" with no intrinsic value, Bitcoin is a little more than that. Bitcoin is a technology, and therein lies its potential value.This is why we wo not waste much time on the basics — the bitcoin protocol, proof-of-work, the economics of bitcoin "mining," or the way the bitcoin network functions. Plenty of resources are available online, and implementing support for bitcoin payments is easily within the realm of the smallest app developer, let alone heavyweights like Microsoft. Looking Beyond The Hype — Into The BlockchainSo what is blockchain? Bitcoin blockchain is the technology backbone of the network and provides a tamper-proof data structure, providing a shared public ledger open to all. The mathematics involved are impressive, and the use of specialized hardware to construct this vast chain of cryptographic data renders it practically impossible to replicate.All confirmed transactions are embedded in the bitcoin blockchain. Use of SHA-256 cryptography ensures the integrity of the blockchain applications — all transactions must be signed using a private key or seed, which prevents third parties from tampering with it. Transactions are confirmed by the network within 10 minutes or so and this process is handled by bitcoin miners. Mining is used to confirm transactions through a shared consensus system, and usually requires several independent confirmations for the transaction to go through. This process guarantees random distribution and makes tampering very difficult.While it is theoretically possible to compromise or hijack the network through a so-called 51% attack the sheer size of the network and resources needed to pull off such an attack make it practically infeasible. Unlike many bitcoin-based businesses, the blockchain network has proven very resilient. This is the result of a number of factors, mainly including a large investment in the bitcoin mining industry.Blockchain technology works, plainly and simply, even in its bitcoin incarnation. A cryptographic blockchain could be used to digitally sign sensitive information, and decentralize trust; along with being used to develop smart contracts and escrow services, tokenization, authentication, and much more. Blockchain technology has countless potential applications, but that's the problem — the potential has yet to be realized. Accepting bitcoin payments for Xbox in-game content or a notebook battery does not even come close.So what about that potential? Is anyone taking blockchain technology seriously?Originally published at DreamiFly.— — — — — —Please explain me what is blockchain and how is it useful?Blockchain Technology is an upcoming term mostly heard in relation to the cryptocurrencies. This record-keeping tech is very important for bitcoins. In addition to this one can also see the use of Blockchain technology in sectors like banking and investing. It also enables a community of users to control the revision and any necessary updates for the record of information. On this level Blockchain technology seems quite similar to Wikipedia. In Wikipedia, a number of users contribute to a single content. But the main difference between the 2 is in their digital backbone. Wikipedia has a highly protected centralized database. The total control over this centralized database lies with the owner. The owner manages all updates, accesses and also protecting against any cyber threats. On the other hand, for the distributed database of the Blockchain technology, every node in the network has to come to the same conclusion while each updating the record independently. Thereafter only the most popular record is held at the official record instead of the existing master copy.
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